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An opportunity for Catalonia

On 14 February, Catalonia has elected a new Parliament. This was the fourth snap election in the region in almost ten years, a clear illustration of the political instability that has become installed in this north-eastern region of Spain. It was also the last episode of a three-year-long internal fight between the two coalition partners […]

The European Dream? It’s Europe!

The first thing that may come to mind is the glorified idea of the American dream, a notion whereby with honest hard work and a sprinkle of risk taking, one can achieve just about anything in the United States of America.  But is America unique in how it embodies, or used to embody, this ephemeral […]

The deeper causes of Belarusian popular mobilisation

The mass mobilisation in Belarus in 2020, like Ukraine’s 2004 Orange Revolution, is a form of post-electoral protest. The mobilisation was triggered by state repression against the opposition and blatant falsifications of the 9 August presidential election results. Several factors contributed to the politicisation of Belarusians. The new opposition conducted an efficient agitation campaign against […]

Belarus at the crossroad: what role for Europe?

President Alexander Lukashenko has lost legitimacy. He is no longer in control of the situation in the country. But the structures of repression are still on his side. They are likely to continue to support him, as the Kremlin successfully discourages the West from intervening more actively in Belarus. Who could help change the situation? […]

Against the EU’s passivity towards Belarus

The mass protests in Belarus are unprecedented in the nation’s history. Hundreds of thousands of people went to the streets regularly to protest against the falsification of the election results. Some still do. Not only the scale, but also the duration of the protests is surprising. Despite brutal interventions by the riot police, mass arrests […]

From a symbolic to an effective foreign policy – the EU in Belarus

The EU’s institutional, economic and political channels to exert influence on Belarus are limited. All the contrary to Russia’s multifaceted and well-institutionalised strategy vis-à-it’s small western neighbour. However, a realistic acknowledgement of the EU’s capabilities is no excuse for self-complacency and determinism. The quest of the Belarussian people for democracy constitutes a movement of fellow […]

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