Right-wing Extremism in Europe — Country Analyses, Counter-Strategies and Labor-Market Oriented Exit Strategies

By: Ralf Melzer, Sebastian Serafin, Michael Minkenberg, Britta Schellenberg, Vassiliki Georgiadou, Roberto Chiarini, Riccardo Marchi, Rafał Pankowski, Marcin Kornak, Radu Cinpoeş, Mridula Ghosh, András Bíró Nagy, Tamás Boros, Zoltán Vasali, Gideon Botsch, Christoph Kopke, Fabian Virchow, Brigitte Bailer, Petra Boumaiza, Katrine Fangen, Yngve Carlsson, Martin Schulz, Harald Weilnböck, Kristina Nauditt, Gerd Wermerskirch

Editor: Ralf Melzer, Sebastian Serafin

Nb of pages: 448

Right-wing Extremism in Europe

Right-wing extremism is a problem with pan-European dimensions. In 2011, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (Friedrich Ebert Foundation) released a study that compared group-focused enmities in eight European countries. The study revealed that approximately half of all respondents thought that their countries had too many immigrants. About a third believed in the existence of a natural hierarchy among differing ethnic groups. In the sample from Poland, statements conveying secondary anti-Semitism met with the almost 70 % approval.

How widespread and deeply-imbedded are far-right ideologies and organizations in Europe? How have right-wing extremist and populist parties and movements fared? What are their historical roots, and what is the basis of their continuing attraction?