Progressives have long been arch defenders and advocates of the European project, pushing the EU to strengthen its union and advance European integration. Yet when it comes to EU defence, progressives have been less vocal. Perhaps this is down to defence being seen as the domain of conservatives and progressives prioritising domestic spending. But strengthening […]
Deeper defence cooperation within the EU via PESCO (permanent structured cooperation) was launched with great fanfare at the end of 2017.
Permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) is a ready-made instrument for further integration in the field of defence
PESCO is a political framework that aims to help EU countries develop military capabilities together and improve their ability to deploy them.
However, will these initiatives realistically advance EU defence?