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The rise and fall of French Socialism as a national party of government

While several Social Democratic and Socialist parties are regaining a certain electoral audience in Western Europe, in the French presidential race, the socialist candidate Anne Hidalgo won 1.75 per cent – the lowest for the Socialist Party since the beginning of the Fifth Republic. Hidalgo cannot be held as the only one responsible for this […]

French presidential election: lessons from the 2017 rematch

In a rematch of the 2017 election, President Emmanuel Macron defeated Marine Le Pen of the far-right Rassemblement National. Macron is the first incumbent president to get elected for a second consecutive term in the past 20 years. On the face of it, it seems a comfortable victory for Macron who won with 58.5 per […]

Socialist Party wins absolute majority in Portugal: how was this possible?

An absolute majority in the country and in the parliament to govern for the next four years: the Socialist Party of Portugal (PS) has just scored this remarkable victory in the general elections hold on 30 January. This came as a surprising, but well-deserved achievement. Let us explain why. It was a surprising achievement because […]